I have never gotten lost, I have however taken extended and prolonged detours from the previously agreed route whilse not necessarily being certain of my current location. In reality getting slightly lost is one of my favourite ways to explore the backcountry, it has led to some amazing finds, but it is important to know how to reverse the getting lost phenomenon to prevent any disasters. Hopefully we can give you a few helpful hints with this post on how to navigate in the backcountry.
Backroads Map Books
Possibly the most essential piece of kit we supply with our overland vehicle rentals in British Columbia, if you don’t have one for the area you are exploring, they are incredible and well worth the investment. For a full guide or to purchase your own – visit the backroad map books website.
Learn the Legend / Map Key
- It’s pretty important to know the difference in the roads and to identify key features and symbols as this will save you a lot of hassle and possibly take a road you aren’t suited to.
- Familiarize yourself with the map key and map pages you will be visiting – I use sticky notes/paper clips to mark the area I am currently in so that I can flip to the pages easier.
Navigating and Driving on Forest Service Roads
Once you leave the tarmac behind, it can be a bit tricky to navigate the forest service roads. Take the extra time to double check the names of the service roads, some are easier to identify than others depending on whether or not they are being actively used commercially. Keep an eye on the route markers, a lot of active logging roads will have markers – for example ‘Rosander Main – 21km up’ which obviously lets you know you are 21kms up the Rosander Main which makes very useful orientation points. Make a couple of reference points along the way – i.e. a connecting road, camp, landmark, bridge, river etc. This helps to ensure you are on the right path.
When driving on logging roads remember
- Lights on!
- Pull over for industrial vehicles!
- Don’t Speed!
Take note of the scale of the map, this is crucial so you can identify the distance in between landmarks you are using for reference. How does the scale correspond to real distance?
Contours/Shading/Points of Interest
Familiarize yourself with contour lines and how to relate them to the topography. This helps to confirm your location when you are trying to orient yourself and also the type of terrain you might encounter. Keep an eye on what the different areas mean – i.e green shading is a conservation/park area.
What to do if you get lost
Let’s say you have temporarily become unsure of your current surroundings – lost may be a heavy word…
- Don’t Panic
- Try to determine your current location by looking for a landmark and then relating them to the symbols and landmarks on the map.
- Try to determine North, South etc and check to see if the landmarks equate to the map landmarks to confirm you have oriented yourself correctly.
Remember – STOP:
S: Sit – Stop what you are doing and take a breath, sit down and have a drink to calm your nerves.
T: Think – Where were you last sure of your surroundings? Can you identify any of your current landmarks?
O: Observe – Take a compass reading, observe the map for key landmarks, look out for any weather hazards.
P: Plan – What’s the game plan? Call for help if possible? Back track? Agree on this plan with others in your party.
What if you truly have no idea where you are?
For safety we always recommend that you travel with a 2-way GPS messenger service, so if you truly don’t know where you are – and assuming that you have no phone signal, which is more than likely then its time to get out your GPS messenger. All of our overland vehicles come equipped with the SPOT Gen X device.
How to use the SPOT Gen X Device:
Firstly, remember if it isn’t an emergency – DO NOT press the SOS function. If it isn’t an emergency and you can wait a little bit to help locate yourself then definitely use the email/SMS function.
The Spot Gen X device has a number of communication features:
Email: In my experience this seems to go through quicker and easier than a SMS – our customer support team is on email 24/7 to help clients as required.
SMS: You can use the SMS function to send a message to any mobile number
Check-in: If you had arranged to previously check in with base – then you can quickly and easily use the check-in feature to send your location.
Elevation / Location: In both the email and SMS function you can also send your current location and elevation to the person you are contacting.
- Keep this device on at all times.
- Keep the device plugged into charge when not in use.
- Don’t press the SOS button unless it’s an emergency
- For minor incidents or those that don’t need immediate attention, use the 2 way messenger service.
How to Send A Message:
- Select messages from the main menu and subsequent sub-menu.
- Select the ‘compose message’ icon.
- Message will open and you will have the ‘TO:’ field highlighted – toggle to the right to open the contacts menu and select.
Phone icon indicates an SMS contact, the ‘@’ icon indicates and email contact.
- Write your message.
- At the bottom of the screen, you have options to select elevation and GPS location, toggle over the check-box and press select to turn these 2 functions on.
- Send message.